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Siringomielia, Report of A Clinical Case and Bibliographic Review

Siringomielia, Report of A Clinical Case and Bibliographic Review

Summary

1.1. Introduction: Syringomyelia is a pathological affectation of the spinal cord, which consists of a central cavitation, which mainly affects the cervical area. In 90% of cases, it may be closely related to Chiari's disease, however, there are other alterations such as intra or extramedullary tumor, trauma, hydrocephalus, among others that can cause syringomyelia as well. Diagnosis is completed with imaging (MRI) studies. Treatment is usually surgical in most cases if the patient is a candidate for it. However, there are other alternatives with promising results.

1.2. Clinical Case: Female patient 47 years of age, who attends the external consultation referring pain in the upper extremities mainly on the right, radiated to dorsal region, in addition to presenting other signs and symptoms such as tachycardia, medium intensity precordial pain, headache, nausea and dizziness. As a pathological personal record, the patient refers to having suffered seizures during her childhood, as well as being hit by a truck with an evolution time of 15 years.

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