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Superior Mesenteric Artery: Clinical Case

Superior Mesenteric Artery: Clinical Case

 Abstract

Acute mesenteric ischemia refers to a sudden onset of intestinal hypoperfusion, which can be due to a reduction or cessation of arterial inflow leading to cellular damage, intestinal necrosis and eventually death if untreated [1]. The incidence is low, estimated at 0.09-0.2% of all acute surgical admissions [2], this incidence increases with age having a median age of presentation of 70 years old and has a predispose for women at a 3:1 ratio [3]. Prompt diagnostic and innervation are necessary due to increase mortality rates from 50-80%. Mayor risk factors include atrial fibrillation, recent myocardial infarction, cardiac valvopathies, hypertension, atherosclerosis, obesity, and tabaco [4].

 Introduction

The disease was first reported as a case report in 1842 by Carl Von Rokitansky, and in 1927, Willkie further detailed the pathophysiology and diagnostic findings of the disease [5].

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